Foregoing life-sustaining treatment in the ICU

A review of practices around the world

The lecture duration is 27min.

0.5 CPD Points, 0.5 CEUs, 0.5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits.
Accredited by CPDUK, CBRN and EB Medicine.

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Charles Sprung
Professor & Director Emeritus of the General ICU at Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center in Jerusalem, Israel
Lecture Summary

Medical practices at the end of life differ around the world. In the United States, medicine has moved from a paternalistic model to one that promotes autonomy and self-determination.  In Europe and other regions of the world, patient-physician relationships are still somewhat paternalistic. Different cultures and countries deal in diverse ways with the ethical dilemmas arising as a consequence of the wider availability of life-sustaining therapies. In the past patients died in intensive care units (ICUs) despite ongoing aggressive therapy. Over the years, observational studies documenting physician behavior have noted changes in the modes of patient deaths and an earlier limitations of life-sustaining treatments. This lecture will review the current global practices.

Target Audience

Critical Care Doctors
Critical Care Nurses

Learning Objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, you should be able to:

  • Distinguish the different types of end of life practices
  • Describe the importance of culture/region and religion on end of life practices
  • Recognize the importance of communication, shared decision making and empathy in end of life practices
Accreditation

This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the accreditation requirements and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint providership of EB Medicine and Continulus. EB Medicine is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

Credit Designation

EB Medicine designates this internet-enduring material for a maximum of .5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Needs Assessment

The need for this educational activity was determined by surveys of the target audience and experts in the specialty. Further assessment was provided by examining the topics of recently published evidence-based medicine reviews, national clinical guidelines, and specialty society recommendations, as well as suggestions from evaluations of previous learning programs to determine practice gaps.

CME Faculty Disclosure

It is the policy of EB Medicine to ensure objectivity, balance, independence, transparency, and scientific rigor in all CME-sponsored educational activities. All faculty participating in the planning or implementation of a sponsored activity are expected to disclose to the audience any relevant financial relationships and to assist in resolving any conflict of interest that may arise from the relationship. In compliance with all ACCME accreditation requirements and policies, all faculty for this CME activity were asked to complete a full disclosure statement. The speaker did not report any relevant financial interest or other relationship with the manufacturer(s) of any commercial product(s) discussed in this educational presentation.

Earning Credit

In order to earn CME credit, the participant must take the pre-test, watch the course, take the CME post-test, and complete the post-test evaluation.

Hardware/Software Requirements

Online learners will need a computer or web-enabled device to access the podcast, additional learning materials, and CME test.

Commercial Support

This activity received no commercial support.

None.