Patient Blood Management and Treatment of Anemia in Critical Care

A review of the evidence

The lecture duration is 24min.

0.5 CPD Points, 0.5 CEUs, 0.5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits.
Accredited by CPDUK, CBRN and EB Medicine.

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Greg Hare
Professor of Anesthesia at the University of Toronto
Lecture Summary

The current presentation focuses on defining the magnitude of the problem of anemia, both globally and in perioperative and critically ill patients by assessing the prevalence of anemia, and its impact, on patients. Clinical studies that demonstrate a clear association between anemia and adverse outcomes including organ injury and mortality in surgical and critically ill patients. Strategies to prevent acute blood loss (eg. tranexamic acid) and to minimize the degree of anemia will be described in terms of their impact on reducing red blood cell transfusion and improved patient outcomes. The potential benefit of utilizing iron and erythrocyte stimulating agents to treat anemia in critically ill patients will be reviewed. Finally, an assessment of the optimal use of red blood cell transfusion in different patient populations, including critically ill patients will be discussed. In summary, anemia is prevalent; it can be effectively treated, and these treatments may improve the outcome and care of our patients.

Target Audience

Critical Care Doctors
Advanced Critical Care Nurse Practitioners

Learning Objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, you should be able to:

  • define the magnitude of the problem of anaemia
  • describe strategies to prevent acute blood loss
  • appraise the potential benefit of iron and erythrocyte stimulating agents to treat anaemia
  • assess the optimal use of red blood cell transfusion I'm different patient populations
Accreditation

This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the accreditation requirements and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint providership of EB Medicine and Continulus. EB Medicine is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

Credit Designation

EB Medicine designates this internet-enduring material for a maximum of .5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Needs Assessment

The need for this educational activity was determined by surveys of the target audience and experts in the specialty. Further assessment was provided by examining the topics of recently published evidence-based medicine reviews, national clinical guidelines, and specialty society recommendations, as well as suggestions from evaluations of previous learning programs to determine practice gaps.

CME Faculty Disclosure

It is the policy of EB Medicine to ensure objectivity, balance, independence, transparency, and scientific rigor in all CME-sponsored educational activities. All faculty participating in the planning or implementation of a sponsored activity are expected to disclose to the audience any relevant financial relationships and to assist in resolving any conflict of interest that may arise from the relationship. In compliance with all ACCME accreditation requirements and policies, all faculty for this CME activity were asked to complete a full disclosure statement. The speaker did not report any relevant financial interest or other relationship with the manufacturer(s) of any commercial product(s) discussed in this educational presentation.

Earning Credit

In order to earn CME credit, the participant must take the pre-test, watch the course, take the CME post-test, and complete the post-test evaluation.

Hardware/Software Requirements

Online learners will need a computer or web-enabled device to access the podcast, additional learning materials, and CME test.

Commercial Support

This activity received no commercial support.

None.